What Are The Types of Divorce?

Posted by on Apr 25, 2016 in Divorce

Marriage is like a fairy tale story. The couple aspires to “live happily ever after.” Some couple are able to achieve the fairy tale ending but unfortunately, a great number of married couples end up filing a divorce. Recent figures revealed that there is one divorce approximately every 30 seconds which translates to 2,400 divorces daily, 16,800 weekly, and 876,000 divorces yearly. In addition, the average length of a marriage that ends in divorce is 8 years. The waiting period for people to remarry after a divorce is three years.

According to the website of Alexander & Associates, divorce extends beyond couples deciding to end their marriage. It also involves division of properties, separation of finances, and decisions about the future of their children, if any. In the United States, there are different kinds of divorce that a couple can file. Throughout the process, both parties must hire an attorney to help them.

No-Fault Divorce

First implemented in California in 1970, no-fault divorce happens when neither party involved in the divorce is required to proof fault of their spouses. In this type of divorce, the grounds for filing are irreconcilable differences, incompatibility, and irremediable breakdown of the marriage.

At-Fault Divorce

In contrast, at-fault divorce requires one or both parties to prove who is at-fault. So far, only the state of New York requires fault to be proven during the divorce process. If no fault was found, the divorce will not be ratified and the couple stays legally married. If the couple is separated, they are not legally allowed to marry anyone else.

Summary Divorce

In summary divorce, the couple are able to agree on key issues prior to the hearing or satisfy certain eligibility requirements. Among the issues for summary divorce include a short marriage of five years, no children, minimal or no real property, marital property is less than $35,000 and each spouse’s property is the same as the marital property.

Uncontested Divorce

With this type of divorce, the parties have agreed to major issues such as child custody, visitation, child support, and others. An uncontested divorce also has one of the spouse opting not to participate in the proceedings.


Both parties attend multiple sessions with a professional mediator in order to resolve their differences. The mediator serves as a neutral party and will inform the judge whether or not there was an agreement.

Collaborative Divorce

There is no court hearing in a collaborative divorce. Instead what happens is the couple meets their lawyers, third parties, and other experts in order to come up with the best result for the whole family. The couple does not focus on their own rights but merely on finding a holistic result for the good of the parties involved.

Arbitrated Divorce

When the court hearing seems to be going nowhere, arbitration is the next best option. There is a neutral attorney who is not connected to the case. Unlike in a trial, the result of the arbitration cannot be appealed.

Contested Divorce

A contested divorce takes place when all attempts to settle differences have failed. The only way this kind of divorce will be settled is through a trial.

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Immigration 101 : What You Need To Know About EB5

Posted by on Apr 23, 2016 in Immigration

Living or relocating to the United States can be really challenging. Many people would have to endure long lines and cumbersome paper work just to have an opportunity to experience life in the so-called “Land of Opportunity.” Unfortunately, that dream of people to live in New York or Los Angeles remains to be elusive after their visa application got rejected.

Fortunately, there is now a new and easier way to migrate to the United States and it is via the EB5 program. Also known as the Immigrant Investor Program, the EB5 allows foreigners to immigrate to the US by investing a considerable amount of money and make their dreams come true. In this article, we will develop an understanding of the EB5 program.

What Is EB5 All About?

According to the website of experienced Russian immigration lawyers, EB5 is unique compared to other visa options that individuals might puruse. To qualify for the Immigrant Investor Program, you need to fulfill the following requirements:

  • A minimum investment of $500,000 for a project located in a Target Employment Area (TEA) and $1 million for a project outside of TEA
  • Generate or maintain at least ten full-time jobs for American workers
  • The investor must not have previous convictions or violations of US immigration laws
  • The cash for the investment must come from a legitimate source
  • The investor must invest in the project for a durtation of no less than 5 years

Benefits of the Program

With the EB5 program, you do not have to worry about getting delayed on your visa application. It offers immediate permanent residency status to foreign investors upon their entry. Green cards for people planning to invest are limited to just 10,000 yearly. If the number of applicants exceeds 10,000 you might be placed on a waiting list based on the “priority date,” based on the day you applied for in the first half of your application.

The good news is that the 10,000 limit has never been reached or exceeded. However, over the years, there has been an increase in the number of Chinese investors which resulted to a long list of Chinese investors. If you are coming from another country, however, you do not have to wait for your visa. The downside of the program is that once you have applied for the program and fail, you jeopardize your success rate in the future.

It is worth noting that the EB5 green cards are only conditional and valid for two years. You can obtain the green card if you will do your best to hire the required number of employees within the two year validity. With the conditional green card, you have an option to choose which business in the United States you will invest on. You must keep your investment and be active with the company you are investing on.

Under the program, you must be a resident of the United States. You cannot use your EB5 visa for work or travel purposes. You can get green cards for your spouse and children below 21 years old as accompanying relatives.

Just like the standard green card, the EB5 can also be revoked if you misuse it. Living outside the US for a long time or not informing authorities of your change of address is a ground for deportation. On the other hand, if you maintain your green card for five years and continuously live in the United States, you are eligible to become a US citizen.

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Uncovering The Dangers of PCB Contamination

Posted by on Apr 22, 2016 in PCB Contamination

PCB contamination or exposure can have a devastating effect on a person who suffers from poly-chlorinated biphenyls or (PCB) contamination. According to the website of Williams Kherkher, PCBs were banned by the Environmental Protection Agency in 1979. Exposure to PCB can have an impact on not only the environment but also in the human body. It is used in a wide range of products and industries such as in electrical equipment, surface coatings, inks, adhesives, and others. These substances are incinerated or stored in landfills.

In December 2000, the International Treaty on Persistent Organic Pollutants, drafted by 122 nations, identified PCBs as one of the ‘Dirty Dozen’ chemicals that should be phased out globally. Aside from that, the International Agency for Research on Cancer and the Environmental Protection Agency identified PCBs as a potential human carcinogen. Studies of these substances have revealed increased rates of melanoma, liver cancer, gall bladder cancer, and others.

These substances are man-made and have a uniform structure. They consist of carbon, hydrogen, and chlorine atoms. As they can be easily mixed in various ways, a total of 209 different PCB molecules can be created. PCBs can build up in animals as time goes by as well as in the food chain. These substances breaks down as an indirect effect of sunlight.

How Does PCBs affect human existence?

Humans can be exposed to PCBs in a variety of ways. First of all, they get exposure through consumption of contaminated food particularly meat, fish, and poultry products. In addition, they get low level exposure from the air they breathe not only indoors but also outdoors. When absorbed by the body, PCBs make their way to cell membranes and into the blood vessels and lymphatic systems. The highest percentage of these substances are found in the liver, fatty tissue, brain, and skin.

Unlike water-soluble chemicals, PCBs are not excreted and will accumulate in the body for years. While they can break down into non-toxic substances, it may take several years.

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